(navigation image)
Home American Libraries | Canadian Libraries | Universal Library | Community Texts | Project Gutenberg | Children's Library | Biodiversity Heritage Library | Additional Collections
Search: Advanced Search
Anonymous User (login or join us)
Upload
See other formats

Full text of "The Loom Of Language"

The Latin Legacy

327

Further simplifications followed The distinction between nominative
and oblique case has disappeared in all modern Romance languages
On Italian territory the oblique form of the plural disappeared Only
the nominative survived (Latin mun (nom. pi)—Italian tnuri). In
France, m Spam, and in Portugal the nominative plural disappeared.


	SINGULAR
		PLUHAL
	

	NOM
	OBL
	NOM
	OBL

1
	lima (moon)
		lune (mo
	luna(s] ons)

II
	caballu(s) (ho
	caballu rse)
	cdbalh (hor
	caballo(s) ses)

III
	cam(s) (di
	cane
 3g)
	cane(s) (dogs)
	
and the oblique (originally accusative) form with a final 5 took us place
(Latin ace pi muros—French murs) Case distinction died last in Gaul
In the oldest French and Provenjal texts some nouns still preserve
the distinction between a subject and an object case as the following
table shows'


	SINGULAR
		PLURAL
	

	NOM.
	OBL
	NOM
	OBL

Vulgar Latin
	munt*
	muru
	mun
	r/'vros

Old
 French
 Modern French
	murs
	mur
	mur
	murs

	mur
		murs
	
The case-marks of the adjective shared the same fate as those of the
noun Meanwhile separate neuter forms disappeared There were two
reasons why the noun-form came nearer to that of the adjective. One
is the disappearance of two families of noun-behaviour owing to the
absorption of the fourth and fifth declensions (p 317) so that the
characteristic affixes corresponded to those of one or other remaining
f amihes of nouns The other was regulanzation of the gender-classes